Austria will enter a full national lockdown from Monday, following a surge in coronavirus cases.
Ministers say it'll initially last for 10 days - but could end up being double that.
Germany, Slovakia and Greece have also brought in tougher measures.
Austria has become the first European country to return to a full lockdown this autumn.
It comes as fresh restrictions have been introduced in Ireland because of rising infections.
School children will be asked to return to remote learning where possible, but schools will remain open for children of parents with essential jobs or for students with special needs.
Pubs, restaurants and bars now have a midnight curfew, landlord Paul Moynihan's worried about the next few months.
"What's coming around the corner? The uncertainty is out there again. Christmas is a very important time for us and we're seeing the cancellation of Christmas parties."
Austria has also announced that COVID-19 vaccines will become mandatory, with the measure coming into effect from February 1st.
Around 66% of Austria's population is fully vaccinated, one of the lowest rates in western Europe.
Protests in response to new measures have taken place in cities around Europe.